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Internet of Things: Securing Medical & Patient Data | ARM

By |August 7th, 2016|HealthCare (mHealth & TeleHealth), Internet of Things, Security|

Securing Medical & Wellness Data

Your health data is one of most important pieces of a data that is personal and confidential to you.   Through the advent of sensor innovations we are finding many more devices gathering this data such as your fitness bands, smartwatch, even phone counting your steps automatically without you having to do anything. This is only the beginning we are starting to see innovations in medical and wellness monitoring from all sorts of devices such as toothbrushes which can detect cancer, to patches you wear that monitor UV exposure or hydration.  Innovations in microfluidic technologies are enabling analysis of your blood, sweat, and urine at price points where it can reach consumers hands in both developed and developing countries.

This data, if used correctly, will keep us more informed of what’s happening inside and outside our bodies and give us alert with the right information at the right time to make informed decisions.  Taking it one step further, mobile and cloud platforms can enable a holistic system of health to inform close trusted family/friend circle about changes in health to help individuals make the right lifestyle choices.   It will also help caregivers know the right time to intervene, potentially staving off a more severe condition.

Unfortunately, as with any technological innovation, it can also have potential malicious uses resulting in substantial financial and social consequences:

  • Insurance providers could use the data to increase premiums or cancel policies
  • Informed employers may choose healthier candidates (to keep costs down)
  • Dating applications could add medical filters

But how is the data being handled from when it gets created at the source? Is it being guarded all the way from the sensor to the phone, to the cloud? What happens to your data in the cloud? Is it shared with 3rd parties? Have you read to read the Terms and Conditions for each of your digital devices to understand the answers to these questions? In this blog, we will aim to address some of the basic vulnerabilities of data as it travels from sensor -> phone -> cloud and explore a method to safeguard it as well as talk about some the initiatives taking place to help safeguard our health data.

Threats and Hacks

There are two threat vectors that we will address in this video:

  1. Screen Scrape Attacks
  2. BLE attacks

Screen scrape attacks leverage the ability to “record” the frame buffer of the screen of a device to steal the data as an app renders to the screen.  This technique has been used to steal everything from passwords to high value video content.    The video below demonstrates this threat:

     

https://community.arm.com/groups/internet-of-things/blog/2016/07/28/securing-medical-wellness-data

Patient Monitoring, Big Data, and the Future of Healthcare

By |June 12th, 2016|HealthCare (mHealth & TeleHealth)|

I’m pretty sure that when you read the word “patient” in the headline of this article, your first thought was about sick rather than healthy people. A patient in the healthcare sector, however, is like a consumer in the retail sector — both healthy and sick patients purchase goods and services. A healthy patient is the desired goal of doctors. Elizabeth Dwoskin and Joseph Walker report that doctors are studying the use of wearable devices to determine whether monitoring patient activity can help make patients healthier.

Nokia wants to acquire Withings as part of push into Digital Health segment

By |May 5th, 2016|HealthCare (mHealth & TeleHealth), SMARTWATCHES|

Today that may be about to change, for Nokia has just announced plans to acquire the French company, Withings S.A., a specialist in digital health products and services, for EUR 170 million (roughly $191 million USD). Rajeev Suri, president and CEO of Nokia, had the following comments to offer:

We have said consistently that digital health was an area of strategic interest to Nokia, and we are now taking concrete action to tap the opportunity in this large and important market…With this acquisition, Nokia is strengthening its position in the Internet of Things in a way that leverages the power of our trusted brand, fits with our company purpose of expanding the human possibilities of the connected world, and puts us at the heart of a very large addressable market where we can make a meaningful difference in peoples’ lives.

The company’s press release specifically calls out two major forms of global health epidemics: cardiovascular disease, stating that it is the world’s leading cause of death with over one billion adults living with uncontrolled hypertension (high blood pressure), and diabetes, which affects more than one in every twelve adults around the world. Nokia believes that heathcare is going to be “one of the largest vertical markets in the Internet of Things, with analysts forecasting that mobile health, with a CAGR of 37%, will be the fastest growing health care segment from 2015-2020.”

As a result, Ramzi Haidamus, president of Nokia Technologies, feels that

Withings shares our vision for the future of digital health and their products are smart, well designed and already helping people live healthier lives. Combining their award-winning products and talented people with the world-class expertise and innovation of Nokia Technologies uniquely positions us to lead the next wave of innovation in digital health.

In addition, a statement from Withings was also included, courtesy of CEO Cédric Hutchings:

Since we started Withings, our passion has been in empowering people to track their lifestyle and improve their health and wellbeing. We’re excited to join Nokia to help bring our vision of connected health to more people around the world.

The acquisition is expected to close in Q3 of this year, assuming everything

How Will Big Data Remake Medicine? | Intel®

By |September 9th, 2014|Market Data, Outside Sources*, RESEARCH & DEVELOPMENT|

How Will Big Data Remake Medicine?

In ten years, eighty percent of the work people do in medicine will be replaced by technology.  And medicine will not look anything like what it does today. Those stunning possibilities were shared by Dr. John Mattison, Chief Medical Informatics Officer (CMIO) of Kaiser Permanente and Panelist at DatumFora’s DATA 360 event in Silicon Valley.

Healthcare will change enormously as it becomes a data-driven industry. Yet the risks and challenges are equally large. It was estimated that 90% of all healthcare institutions will experience a data breach of some kind. Many already have. Each breach costs about $2M in fines, not to mention the loss of privacy and other incalculable costs to the patient.

Sanjay Joshi, CTO of Life Sciences at EMC Isilon, highlighted examples from many states in which patient data was breached because of improper data handling or poor IT governance, cyber theft, technical failures, malicious insiders. In one case, hospital records were even sold on eBay.

Joshi also spoke about the vulnerability of our health data sets in how anonymized data sets shared with state health agencies are sometimes sold to data miners who can reverse engineer that data to find out who we are.

According to Harvard’s Data Privacy Lab, “states have long sold medical data to help finance public health studies.” And while all agree that digitized medical data can help physicians better tailor treatments by patient history, or identify health trends to benefit public health, sophisticated hacking makes our health data even more vulnerable.

Today’s assortment of compliance regulations, with a host of proprietary data standards and formats, impede our ability to secure the data so we can integrate it and share among stakeholders to create new healthcare models.

As we explore the technical and policy issues above, there are many advances underway at the intersection of healthcare and technology. While we keep hearing about advances in personal genomics, here are a few more.

For example, White House Innovation Fellow Adam Dole, former entrepreneur-in-residence at the Mayo Clinic , spoke about the Blue Button Initiative and its parent My Data Initiative. The Blue Button Initiative allows patients to view online and download their personal health records. Its intent is to make our complete health data available to us, as patients and consumers, so we can interact more proactively with clinicians in ways that enhance our quality of life, lead to better treatment outcomes and reduce costs in care delivery. Its parent My Data Initiative, which the White House Innovation Fellows are expanding, combines additional data from our academic records, energy consumption and more.

The greatest value of big data for all industries comes from combining it across different domains to yield actionable insights for new business models. For example, Cloudera COO Kirk Dunn referenced how financial service providers are unifying ways to more creatively serve customers across banking, credit cards, mortgages and insurance.

And Kaiser Permanente CMIO John Mattison envisioned a healthcare model in which medical devices, wearables, diagnostic tools and analytics could better empower people and their families to better care for themselves at home. In this model, real-time data alerts would also trigger healthcare providers to intervene as needed.

Securing, managing and deleting the data in this model, in our hyper-connected mobile-cloud world, is a multi-dimensional challenge. We discussed issues and architectures for that at last week’s cloud and mobility conference at the National Institute of Standards.

The real breakthrough of big data will be in mashing huge volumes into what John Mattison calls “value sets” that combine our medical science knowledgebase with personal data to prioritize our treatment options based on expected outcome, timing, cost, risk and impact on daily life.

While this new vision for integrated healthcare sounds idyllic, we have a lot of work to do in how we harness big data to make it real.

But the question that remains in my mind, which I posed to the group at DATA 360, is this:

Since healing is nurtured by our human connections, yet we expect technology to replace many of them, how do we reconcile the inconsistencies – and what might be the social consequences of this that we cannot yet see?

Follow @JacquelnVanacek for how cloud, mobile, social media and big data are reinventing our world.

via How Will Big Data Remake Medicine?.

With $54M, Doximity's LinkedIn-for-Doctors will add Service for Nurses, go International | VentureBeat

By |August 28th, 2014|HealthCare (mHealth & TeleHealth)|

The social network helps medical professionals collaborate on patient treatment. “The fifth leading cause of death is medical mistakes. Communication isn’t as free flowing as it should be,” Doximity chief executive Jeff Tangney told VentureBeat in an interview.

Along with its communication features, Doximity also enables doctors to complete up to 20 hours per year of continued education through its partnership with the Cleveland Clinic. Doctors can read personalized articles and answer quiz questions to earn their credit.

Although the company is best known as a “LinkedIn for doctors,” it has added several features key to its user base since launch, including secure messaging, personalized reading and research recommendations, recruiting tools, and an accredited continuing education program. It aims to increase cooperation between doctors by simplifying and streamlining communication and networking between them through the site.

Since its last round of funding in 2012, Doximity has more than tripled its user base, with at least one in three U.S. doctors as members of the network — about 40 percent to be exact.

Draper Fisher Jurvetson and T. Rowe Price Associates led the current round, with additional funding from Morgan Stanley Investment Management and current investors Emergence Capital Partners, Morgenthaler Ventures, and InterWest Partners.

“For an early stage company, Doximity has demonstrated mature revenue and a clear path forward towards long-term success. Healthcare is not a niche, it’s a sector, and as a sector it’s incredibly large. It’s exciting to see Doximity bringing the best of social media to this significant market,” said T. Rowe Price Associates portfolio manager Henry Ellenbogen in an official statement.

The company says it plans to use the funding to continue to grow, especially to include other medical professionals such as nurses and to grow internationally. It also wants to continue to build out the product and fulfill more of their users’ needs, such as verifying and displaying credentials, which are a huge pain problem for doctors, the company said.

Doximity is one of the many “vertical networks” that have been emerging beyond the ubiquitous LinkedIn, from Edmodo for teachers to Avvo for lawyers and SpiceWorks for IT employees.

Interestingly, LinkedIn cofounder and current Earlybird Venture Capital partner Konstantin Guericke has been on Doximity’s board for about two years.

“One thing that was exciting [about Doximity] has been the fact that this really impacts the lives of people,” Guericke told VentureBeat.

Guericke also said that Doximity’s focus on a single industry allows it to build a product very tailored to that group’s needs, providing more value in areas more general networks such as LinkedIn cannot. Although he doesn’t believe LinkedIn et al. will go away, he does think professionals will be spending more and more time on their respective vertical networks.

Guericke also pointed to marketplace verticals such as Zillow for real estate and Elance for freelancers, which he believes offer better values than, say, general purpose marketplace Craigslist.

“Focusing on one area you can do a much better job,” he said. Doximity is not the only player in the medical social network field. QuantiaMD, which launched in 2004 and has raised a total of $63 million, is also a social network for healthcare professionals aimed at increasing collaboration on difficult cases and learning from peers.

Doximity was founded in 2011 by Jeff Tangney and Nate Gross, and is based in San Mateo, Calif.
This new round brings the company’s total to $81.8 million.

With $54M, Doximity’s LinkedIn-for-doctors will add service for nurses, go international | VentureBeat | Deals | by Kia Kokalitcheva.